The Constitution of Texas limits each county to a single county court, the Legislature has created statutory county courts at law in the larger counties to aid the single county court in its judicial functions.
The legal jurisdiction of the special county-level trial courts varies considerably and is established by the statute which creates the particular court. The jurisdiction of statutorily-created county courts at law overlaps to some extent with the jurisdiction of the county and district courts in the county.
The civil jurisdiction of county courts at law varies, but is usually more than that of the justice of the peace courts and less than that of the district courts. County courts at law usually have appellate jurisdiction in cases appealed from justice of the peace and municipal courts.
Bexar County has 15 Statutory County Courts at Law, including numerous specialty Courts and dockets.
Number: 1 judge per court.
Selection: Partisan, county-wide election. Vacancies between elections filled by appointment by county commissioners.
Qualifications: Citizen of U.S., age 25 or older; resident of county for at least 2 years; and licensed attorney who has practiced law or served as a judge for 4 years.
Term: 4 years.